This ‘Pearl of the Mediterranean’ where the Nile meets the Mediterranean is a delightfully understated resort with fine white sandy beaches. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Graeco-Roman Egypt; it boasts a fascinating history and rich culture. Present day Alexandria, apart from its historical heritage, which represents itself in its many archaeological remains, is endowed with a gamut of other breathtaking sites, proving to be an ideal destination for any visitor.
Alexandria’s most famous landmarks were Pharos Lighthouse and the Library of Alexandria. The Pharos Lighthouse, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, this was the first lighthouse ever constructed and was one of the tallest buildings of its time. Equally impressive is the Library of Alexandria, the largest in the ancient world, includes a museum and planetarium, an exhibition and research complex, and the library itself boasts almost 8,000 ancient manuscripts and rare books.
Additional places of interest in Alexandria include the Graeco-Roman Museum housing the remains of the Pompeii Column, 300 tombs at Kom el Shoqafa Catacombs, the Roman theatre Kom el Dikka with its museum of mosaics, and the 15th century Qaitbay Fort. Built on the original site of Pharos Lighthouse, the fort guards the bay at the far end of the Corniche.
There are numerous shopping malls; however the Midan Tarir and Ramla are the major shopping centres in the city where you can find local artifacts as well as good international brands.
Hotels of international quality are present in Alexandria and they cater to both, the affluent travelers as well as the budget and economy range tourists. Tourist hostels and camping grounds are also available for the backpackers. Some luxury hotels in Alexandria are El Alamein Hotel, Aida Beach Hotel, Helnan Palestine, Alexandria Hotel, Ramada Renaissance, Pullman Cecil Hotel, San Stefano Hotel, Plaza Hotel, and Sheraton Montazah.
Being a major tourist destination, Alexandria has got some good international as well as local restaurants. Renowned Egyptian cuisine like Kofta, Kebab, Mulukhia, Salad, Hamam Mashi, Tahina, Kushari and others must be tasted. Besides, you also have the option of trying some international cuisine such as Indian, Italian, Chinese, Mexican and Thai.